CADUCEUS

CADUCEUS
Mercurii virga fuisse dicitur, quâ ille ad dissidia, et discordias tollendas utebatur. (unde Caducifer dictus est) a cadendo sic vocata, quod contentiones et bella cadere faceret, nam quemadmodum per Faeciales bella indicebantur, ita per Caduceatores finiebantur. Vide Voss. in Caduceus. Ceterum Aegyptii veteres Caduceum in speciem 2. draconum maris et feminae figuraverunt, qui parte mediâ sui voluminis, nodô quem Herculeum vocant; sibi alligantur, primisque partibus reflexi, in modum circuli oscula iungunt. Hanc virgam Apollo dicitur invenisse, et Mercurio donavisse, lyrâ vicissim ab illo acceptâ, De draconibus autem caduceo additis hanc afferunt rationem: Mercurium, hanc virgam manu tenentem cum in Arcadiam proficisceretur 2. serpenres pugnantes invenisse, virgâque interpositâ dictô citius proelium diremisse: ad cuius rei memoriam posteri Caduceum 2. draconum si militudine figurârunt, illudque Mercurio, veluti peculiare insigne, attribuerunt, qui illô et animas ab inferis revocare, et somnum, quibus volebat, immittere credebatur. Virg. Aen. l. 4. v. 242.
Tum virgam capit, hâc animas ille evocat orcâ
Pallentes; alias sub tristia tartara mittit,
Dat somnos adimitque. ------
Horat. l. 1. Carm. 10. v. 17.
Tu pias laetis animas reponis
Sedibus, virgaque levem coerces
Aureâ turbam. ------
Nic. Lloydius. Vocem Salmasius e Graeco καρύκειον deducere mavult; et inter symbola Eleusiniorum Sacrorum Caduceatores quoque fuisse, σπονδοφέρους forte Polluci notat, ex Clemente Alex. ubi totam sacrorum horum scenam facunde traducit. Vide in voce Eleusine. Nec omittendum supplices olim caduceum quoque praeferre consuevisse, quod hunc gestantes ab omni violentia tuti essent: cuius rei exemplum Livius exhibet l. 8. c. 20. Vide etiam Caelium Rhodig. Lect. Antiq. l. 21. c. 16. Coeterum coronari nonnumquam Caducei consuevere. Sic nuntius Thesei Athenas praemissus, apud Plutarchum in Theseo, cum plurimi inibi essent, qui ei alacriter imponerent coronam salutis (de qua infra dicemus) ille acceptâ coronâ caduceum coronavit. Sed et κηρύκεια συμπεπλεγμένα εν τῶ θαλλῶν, Caducei cirumvoluti ramis oleaginis, occurrunt apud Dinarchum in Demosthenem. Vide Car. paschalium Coronar. l. 2. c. 9. et l. 6. c. 16. et infra Felices arbores.

Hofmann J. Lexicon universale. 1698.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Caducĕus — (lat., griech. Kerykeion), der Hermesstab, d. h. der vorn mit zwei verschlungenen und mit den Köpfen einander zugekehrten Schlangen versehene Stab, das gewöhnlichste Attribut des Hermes oder Merkur (Caducifer). Neben dieser durch die ausgebildete …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Caduceus — Ca*du ce*us, n. [L. caduceum, caduceus; akin to Gr. ? a herald s wand, fr. ? herald.] (Myth.) The official staff or wand of Hermes or Mercury, the messenger of the gods. It was originally said to be a herald s staff of olive wood, but was… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • caduceus — 1590s, from L. caduceus, alteration of Doric Gk. karykeion herald s staff, from karyx (gen. karykos) a herald, from PIE *karu , from root *kar to praise loudly (Cf. Skt. carkarti mentions with praise, O.E. hreð fame, glory ). Especially the wand… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Caducĕus — (gr. Kerykeion), Stab von zwei Schlangen umwunden, welche oben die Köpfe einander zukehren, ohne den Kamm zu sträuben. Seine Entstehung soll er daher haben, daß Mercur einst in Arkadien zwischen 2 kämpfende Schlangen einen Stab warf, um welchen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Caduceus — Caducĕus (lat.; grch. Kerykeion), geflügelter, von zwei verschlungenen und mit den Köpfen einander zugekehrten Schlangen umwundener Stab, Merkurstab [Abb. 306]; Abzeichen des Hermes, Stab der Herolde, Sinnbild des Handels …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Caduceus — Caduceus, der Stab des Mercur von 2 Schlangen umwunden, Symbol des Friedens, deßwegen von den Herolden getragen; von ihm hat Mercur den Beinamen Caducifer …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • caduceus — [kə do͞o′sē əs, kədyo͞o′sē əs] n. pl. caducei [kə do͞o′sē ī΄, kə dyo͞o′sē ī΄] [L, ? via Etr < Gr(Doric) karykeion, for Gr kērykeion < kēryx, herald < IE base * kar , to praise > OHG hruom, Ger ruhm] 1. the staff of an ancient herald;… …   English World dictionary

  • Caduceus — The caduceus (IPA|/kəˈdjuːsiəs/, ʃəs, ˈduː ; κηρύκειον in Greek) or wand of Hermes is typically depicted as a short herald s staff entwined by two serpents in the form of a double helix, and sometimes surmounted by wings. In later Antiquity the… …   Wikipedia

  • Caduceus — A rod with two snakes entwined about it topped by a pair of wings. The caduceus served as the symbol of Hermes and Mercury, the Greek and Roman messenger gods. The caduceus was the sign of a herald and hence a logical symbol for the messenger.… …   Medical dictionary

  • Caduceus — Hermesstab mit zwei Schlangen Der Hermesstab (altgriechisch: τὸ κηρύκειον kerýkeion, von ὁ κῆρυξ , Gen …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.